A newborn’s feet are often more prone to getting crushed during a car crash than his mother’s, according to research published in the journal Pediatrics.
The research, which was led by pediatrician Robert Kavcic, suggests that the protective layer worn by newborns and their mothers on the top of their feet, called the slip-resistant shoe, is less effective at preventing baby’s foot from becoming crushed in a crash.
The research shows that newborns are less likely to be killed in a car accident when wearing the slip resistant shoe compared with mothers who wear other protective footwear, such as flip-flops, said Dr. Roberta Kavcik, lead author and associate professor of pediatrics at Emory University School of Medicine.
The findings suggest that wearing a slip-proof shoe, especially one that is designed to help protect babies from slipping, may not be the best option for every newborn, she said.
The study found that the amount of time newborns spent wearing the protective shoes varied from less than half an hour to about three hours per day.
The most common reason babies spent less than three hours was because they wore the slip protective shoe for the first time during the first week of life.
Dr. Kavcinic said the findings could have important implications for parents who choose to give birth in a hospital or nursing home environment.
The safety of the newborn is often compromised because of the lack of protective footwear.
In the study, the researchers compared the number of deaths that occurred among babies who wore the standard slip resistant safety footwear to those who did not.
They found that babies who had worn slip resistant protective shoes were less likely than those who wore flip flops, flip-shoes or other types of protective shoes to die in car crashes.
Although the number and rate of crashes were similar, the risk of a newborn dying in a fatal crash increased the longer the infant was wearing the standard safety footwear.
The researchers said it is difficult to know exactly why baby’s feet become more susceptible to injury during a crash, but one possibility could be that they become more exposed to the elements.
“The more protective footwear the baby wears, the more he or she can avoid being crushed, which is why the shoe is important to avoid,” Dr. Kacic said.
“It also could be the case that the babies feet are more susceptible because the shoes are worn by mothers longer.”
Dr. John R. Cappell, chair of the department of pediatric surgery at the University of California, San Francisco, said the study does not prove that the slip resilient shoe was better at protecting newborns.
But he said wearing the safety shoes for less than two hours a day could help prevent a baby’s fatal crash from becoming more deadly, as the baby’s body adapts to wearing the shoes longer.
“We should be using slip resistant materials and be very careful not to overuse them,” Dr